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高中英语知识要点
来源:本站原创 作者:佚名 发布时间:2014/5/6

 

高中英语知识要点

 

重点词汇、词组辨析

 

1above all, after all, at all, in all

   above all表示“最重要,首先”,常位于句首或句中,作插入语,起强调作用。

   Above all, I’d like to thank everyone.

   after all表示“毕竟,终究,终归,到底”,在句中位置较灵活。

at all表示“根本”。

I don’t like him at all.

in all表示“总共”,既可放句首,也可放句末。

There are 2500 people here in all.

2accept, receive            

accept 表示“接受”之意,是有意识的。

I’ve received a gift from him, but I’m not going to accept it.

receive 表示“收到”之意,是无意识的。

Did you receive any letters today?

3add, add to, add…to…, add up to

add表示“增加,添加,计算总和,补充说”。

If the tea is too strong, add some more hot water.

add to表示“增加,增添,增进”。

The bad weather added to our difficulties.

add…to…表示“把加到”。

Add two to six, and you will get eight.

add up to表示“合计达到”该短语不用被动语态。

All his school education added up to no more than one year.

4admit sb./sth. to…, admit of, admit to

admit sb./sth. to…表示“允许某人或某物进入某处”。

This pass will admit you to the house.

admit of表示“容许有,有可能,容有余地”。

The facts admit of no other explanation.

admit to表示“承认”。

I must admit to feeling ashamed of my conduct.

5agree on, agree to, agree with, agree that

agree on表示“就..取得一致意见”。

The building of a new factory was agreed on last month.

agree to有两层含义和用法:

1to作为动词不定式符号,其后跟动词原形,表示“同意做”。

My mother agreed to buy a new bag for me.

2to作介词,之后跟表示计划、条件、建议等一类的名词或代词。

The leader has agreed to our suggestion.

agree with表示“同意某人的意见”,后跟表示人的名词或代词。

We agreed with what she said at the meeting.

agree that表示“认为”,其后跟宾语从句。

I agree that your composition is very good.

6alone, lone, lonely

alone=by oneself, without others表示“独自一人”可作表语和宾补。

He did it all alone,

lone表示“孤独的,孤零零的一个”,作定语

In that cloudy sky only one lone star could be seen.

lonely表示“孤独,寂寞”,主观上渴望有伴。若指地方,则表示

“人迹罕至的,荒凉的,偏僻的”,可作定语或表语。

He was alone, but he didn’t feel lonely.

7a number of, the number of

 a number of表示“许多”,谓语动词用复数。

A number of students were absent.

the number of表示“的数目(量)”,谓语动词用单数。

The number of students is increasing.

8arrive, get, reach

arrive表示“到达,抵达”,是vi.,后接in(大地方),at(小地点)。

At what time did you arrive at the station?

get表示“到达,抵达”,不及物动词,后接to.

When we got to the station, the bus was waiting.

reach 表示“到达,抵达”,及物动词。后直接跟地点名词。

They reached London yesterday.

9at the age of, by the age of

at the age of表示“在岁时”

She learn to play the piano at the age of ten.

by the age of 表示“到岁的时候,在岁以前”。

By the age of 16, he had learned to drive a car.

10at the beginning, in the beginning

at the beginning表示“在初,在开始的时候”,常与of连用。

Students usually have a study plan at the beginning of term,

in the beginning表示“起初,首先”,后不能接of,相当于at first

In the beginning ,some of us took no interest in this plan.

11ashamed, shameful

ashamed表示“感到羞耻,觉得惭愧,不好意义”,指主语主观认为是可耻的。

He was ashamed of being unable to answer the question.

shameful表示“不可饶恕,可耻”,指事物本身的客观性质是可耻的。

To steal money from a blind person is a shameful act.

12be anxious to, be anxious for, be anxious about

be anxious to表示“急于,渴望”,其中to 是不定式符号,后跟动词原形。

We are anxious to know the result of the examination.

be anxious for表示“渴望(得到)”,后接名词或代词时,

强调渴望得到某物或渴望了解某事。

Mathilde was anxious for a diamond necklace.

be anxious about表示“对感到不安,为担心(忧虑)”。

I am anxious about the result of the examination.

13believe, believe in

believe表示“相信(某物的真实性,人的诚实)”,或“相信(某人说的话)”。

I don’t believe you.

believe in表示“信奉,信仰,信任”。

We believe in him.  (我们信任他)

14be made of, be made from, be made in, be made by, be made up of

be made of表示“由制成”,指从原料到制成品只发生了形状变化(属物理变化)。

This table is made of wood.

be made from表示“由制成”,指从原料到制成品发生了质的变化(属化学变化)。

Paper is made from wood.

be made in表示“某物是何时或何地产的”。

This bike was made in Shanghai.  (或:This bike was made in 1990.)

be made by表示“由制做”,后接表人的名词或代词,强调动作的执行者。

The kite was made by my brother.

be made up of表示“由构成(组成)”(由两个以上的原部件组成)。

The team is made up of ten members.

15be pleased with, be pleased at / about, be pleased to

be pleased with表示“对满意,喜欢….”接指人的名词或代词。

The manager was pleased with you before.

be pleased at / about表示“对看到或听到的事感到高兴”,后接指事的名词或v-ding。

I am pleased at seeing so many students present.

be pleased to表示“很高兴或很乐意做”,后跟动词原形。

My boss must be pleased to see you again in Beijing.

16be tired of, be tired with

be tired of表示“对某事感到厌烦,厌倦”。

I’m tired of talking to him.

be tired with表示“因为而累了”。

She is tired with running a long time.

17besides, except, except for

besides表示“除了除去的部分要包括在内)”。

Besides milk and cheese, we need vegetable.

except表示“除了… (除去的部分不包括在内)”。

Every one of us, except him, went to watch the basketball match.

except for表示“整体除了某一不足点外”,(整体与除去的部分不属于同一范畴的东西

The composition is good except for a few spelling mistakes.

18be sure to do, be sure of doing

be sure to do,表示“一定的,必定的”,主语可以是sb.sth.

We are sure to benefit from the new timetable.

be sure of doing表示“确信的,肯定的”,主语只能是sb.

He is sure of coming.

19big, huge, large, vast

big表示“(尺度,重量,容积等)大”

Our classroom is bigger than theirs.

huge表示“体积大”,(还可以指超越一定标准的大)。

An elephant is a huge animal.

large表示“面积大,范围大,数目大”。

A man with a large family needs a large house.

vast表示“范围、地域大”。

The Sahara is a vast desert.

20beat, hit, strike

beat表示“连续性地击打”。

The rain beat against the windows.

hit表示“打中,对准打”。

He hit me with his hand..

strike表示“打一下或若干下”。

He struck me with a stick.

21blow down, blow off, blow out

blow down表示“吹倒?车埂。

The high winds yesterday blew down thousands of trees.

blow off表示“吹掉,炸掉,发泄”。

A gust of wind blew my hat off.

blow out表示“吹熄灭,使熄灭”。

A gust of wind blew the candle out.

22break away from, break out, break down, break into

break away from表示“脱离,摆脱”。

He couldn’t break away from his influence. (影响;势力)

break out表示“(火灾,战争等)突然爆发”。

A fire broke out on the top floor last night.

break down表示“(机器等)出毛病、出故障”。

The machine broke down yesterday.

break into表示“破门而入”。

His house was broken into last week.

23bring on, bring on, bring out

bring on表示“使发生,引起”。

This warm weather should bring on the crops.

bring on表示“引来,引进,吸收”。

Her new business brings in 1000 dollars

bring out表示“取出,说出,阐明,出版”。

We have brought out a set of children’s books.

24carry out, carry off, carry away, carry on

carry out表示“实施,遵守”。

He carried out his promise to give up smoking.

carry off 表示“叼走,夺走”。

He carried off two gold medals in the Olympics.

carry away表示“使倾倒,使激动得失去控制”。

The music carried him away.

carry on表示“继续进行”。

We must carry on till success.

25care, care about, care for, care to

care表示“在意,关心,顾虑,照顾,喜欢”,但其后常跟从句。

I don’t care who you are.

care about表示“关心,计较,在乎”,一般用于否定句。

She doesn’t care about his clothes.

care for表示“关心,照料,喜欢,愿意”,一般用于肯定或疑问句。

Who will care for your children when you are away?

care to表示“愿意,欲望”,后接动词原形。

I don’t care to go there.

26.与come相关的词组辨析

come about表示“发生”。

How did it come about?

come across表示“偶遇,碰到本世纪末(=come upon

We’ve just cone across an old friend we haven’t seen for ages.

come along表示“进展,进步,进行”。

How is your work coming along ?

come away表示“离开,脱开,脱落,断裂”。

The handle came away in his hands.

come down表示“传递,传给”。

The song comes down to us from the 10th century.

come into表示“开始,进入”。

The mountain town came into sight as we turned the last corner.

come out表示“(照片上)显露,结果是”。

The stars came out as soon as darkness fell.

come round表示“恢复知觉,苏醒过来”。

Leave him alone and he will soon come round.

come to表示“涉及,谈及”。

When it comes to politics I know nothing.

come up表示“抬头,上来,上升”。

If the sun or the moon comes up, it rises.

come up with表示“想出(计划,答案),作出(反应),产生”。

He couldn’t come up with an answer.

27compare…with…, compare…to…

compare…with…表示“把相比”,侧重指两者间的区别。

Compare this ca with that one, and you will find the differences between them.

compare…to…表示“把比作”,着重注意两者间的相似点。

This song compares our country to a big family.

28consider…as…, consider…to be …, consider doing

consider…as…表示“把(某人)看作是”。

Today, Lincoln is considered as one of the greatest of all American presidents.

consider…to be …表示“把看作是”。

The people had considered him to be a great leader.

consider doing sg.表示“考虑做”。

Have you considered having a walk after supper?

29cross, across, crossing

cross作动词用时,表示“横过”。

They are crossing the river.

across可作介词或副词,表示“横穿,横过”。

The post office is across the street.

crossing表示“横穿,交叉,十字路口,人行横道”。

They are standing at a crossing.

30cut down, cut up, cut in, cut off, cut through

cut down表示“砍倒,(疾病等)夺去生命”。

I am going to cut this tree down.

cut up表示“切割开来,切碎,使难过”。

I am cutting the wood up.

cut in表示“插嘴,插入”。

Cut in with a few remarks.

cut off,表示“切断”。

Many towns had their water supply cut off because there was no electricity.

cut through表示“剪断,凿穿”。

The army was called in to cut through fallen trees and to help clear the road.

31damage, destroy, ruin

damage表示“损坏,破坏”;倩档某潭韧ǔJ强梢孕薏沟。

The earthquake damaged several buildings.

destroy表示“破坏,摧毁,消灭,毁灭”;倩档某潭仁遣荒苄薏沟。

The big fire destroyed the whole house.

ruin表示“毁灭”。把某物损坏到了不能再使用的程度。

The rain will ruin the crops.

32discover, invent, find, find out

discover表示“发现”,指偶然或经过努力发现原来客观存在但不为人所知的事物。

Columbus discovered America in 1492.

invent表示“发明”,指通过劳动运用聪明才智发明出以前从未存在过的新事物。

Who invented the telephone?

find表示“找到,发现”,着重指找到的结果。

They finally found a way.

find out表示“找出,发现,查明(真相等)”,指经过研究或询问查明某事或真相。

Please find out when the ship sail for Shanghai.

33decide, determine

decide表示经过考虑或讨论研究做出“决定”。

The boy decided not to become a sailor.

determine表示“决心”已下,任何力量都动摇不了。

I determined to give him a chance.

34die out, die away, die down

die out表示“(物种等)灭绝,不复存在”。

Pandas are facing the danger of dying out.

die away表示“(声音,怒火等)渐渐消失”。

His anger died away.  (He was not angry.)

die down表示“(声音,怒火等)逐渐减小”。

His anger died down a little bit. (He was still angry.)

35everyday, every day

everyday表示“每天的”,是形容词。

This is an everyday dress.

every day表示“每天”,用作副词。

I go to school every day.

36fall off, fall down, fall onto, fall into

fall off表示“从上落下,掉下,摔下“,是及物动词。

The boy fell off his bike and broke the arm.

fall down表示“(人)跌到,摔倒,绊倒”,是不及物动词。

The old lady fell down in the street and broke her leg.

fall onto表示“掉到上”。

The books fell off the desk onto the ground.

fall into表示“掉到里,陷入(困难)”。

The dog fell into the river.

37feed…to, feed…on

feed…to表示“将喂给”,feed 后跟表示事物的词。

What did you feed to the baby just now?

feed…on表示“用”,feed 后跟表示人或动物的词。

I feed the dog on meat.

38fear, frighten

fear表示“害怕”。

He was shaking with fear.

frighten表示“使害怕,使吃惊”。

Does the noise frighten you?

39finally, at last, in the end

finally表示“最后”,指某一动作发生的顺序是在最后。

She finally agreed with me.

at last表示“终于”,指经过一番曲折或努力之后某事才发生,强调结果。

After a lot of difficulties, he succeed at last.

in the end表示“最后”,指经过若干周折或努力而最后发生了某事。

We did experiment after experiment, and in the end we succeeded.

40feel one’s way, fight one’s way, find one’s way

feel one’s way表示“摸索着探路”。

The blind man felt his way with the stick.

fight one’s way表示“挣扎着前进”。

I fought my way out of the crowd.

find one’s way表示“找到路”。

How did you find your way here?

41fit, be fit for, be fit to

fit表示“合适,合身”,主要指大小合适。

Your clothes fit well.

be fit for表示“适合,能胜任”,for后接名词或动名词。

Your shoes are not fit for traveling.

be fit to表示“适合,能胜任”,to 不定式符号,后接动词原形。

The food is not fit to eat.

42forbid doing sg.  forbid sb. to do sg.

forbid doing sg.表示“禁止,不许”,在没有人称宾语时用-ing作宾语。

We forbid smoking here.

forbid sb. to do sg.表示“禁止,不许”,在有人称宾语时 to do作其宾语。

The rain forbid us to go out.

43forget, leave

forget表示“遗留”时,后跟事物名词,不跟地点或场所。

I forgot my key.

leave表示“遗留”时,一定接地点场所名词。

I left my key at home.

44forget doing,  forget to do

forget doing,表示“忘记做过”。

He forgot turning the light off.

forget to do表示“忘记要去做”。

The light in the office is still on, he forgot to turn it off.

45gather, collect

gather表示“把分散的东西集中到一起”。

Gather your toys up.

collect表示“精心地,有选择地进行收集”。

He likes collecting stamps.

46get in touch with, keep in touch with

get in touch with表示“和取得联系”,表动作。

I tried to get in touch with him in Paris, but failed.

keep in touch with表示“和保持联络”,表状态。

Let’s keep in touch with each other.

47get有关的词组辨析

get along with 表示“与相处”。

We get along very well with each other.

get close to 表示“接近”。

Don’t get close to that building.

get down to表示“开始认真做”。

As soon as the reporters know what to write about,

they get down to work.

get off表示“脱下”。

He got off his coat when he came in.

get married表示“结婚”。

The person getting married is a relative of my mother.

get through表示“通过,拨通(电话)”。

I can’t get through. The line is busy.

get together表示“聚会,联欢”。

We must get together some other time for a chat.

get into the habit of表示“染上习惯”。

Nicotine is a drug that gets one into the habit of smoking.

48give up, give in, give out, give away

give up表示“放弃(念头,希望等),停止,抛弃,认输”。

I don’t give up.

give in表示“投降,屈服,让步”。

As neither of the two sides would give in, the agreement fell through.

give out表示“用完,耗尽,体力不支”。

After a along journey, my strength gave out and couldn’t walk any farther.

give away表示“分发,泄露(秘密等)”。

The mayor gave away the prizes all the sports meet.

49go on to do sg., go on doing sg, go on with sg

go on to do sg.表示“接着做另一件事”,

既接下来去做与原来不同的一件事。

After they had read the text, the students went on to do the exercises.

go on doing sg,表示“继续不停地做某事或间断后继续做原来没有做完的事”。

The students went on talking and laughing all the way.

go on with sg表示“间断后继续做原来没有做完的事”。其后接名词。

After a rest, we went on with our lesson.

(After a rest, we went on having our lesson.)

通常情况下。go on doing …和蔼go on with 可互换。

50happen, take place

happen表示“(偶然)发生”,是无意识的。

When did the thing happen?

take place表示“(有计划的)举行”,是有意识的。

When will the wending take place?

51hand down, hand in, hand over, hand out

hand down表示“把传下来”。

The story was handed down from one generation to another.

hand in表示“把..交上来,交给,递交”。

Time is up, Hand in your examination papers.

hand over表示“转交”或“移交”。

Please hand over this book to your brother.

hand out表示“散发”。

The teacher is handing out test papers now.

52.与have有关的词组辨析

have a good trip表示“一路顺风”。

Good luck, Have a good trip.

have a talk with表示“与谈话“。

Yang Mei is having a talk with her teacher about learning English.

have a seat表示“坐下”。

Come in and have a seat.

have a test表示“参加测试”。

I had a test last week and got a full mark.

have a word with表示“与说句话”。

Could I have a word with you?

have…on表示“戴着,穿着”。

Having a black hat on, Chaplin carried a stick, which he used to

swing in the car.

have sports表示“进行体育活动”。

Do you often have sports at school?

53have sb. do sg, have sb./sg. doing sg, have sg. done

have sb. do sg表示“使(让、请)某人做”。

The teacher had the boy write his homework again.

have sb./sg. doing sg表示“让某人(某事)一直做”。

The two cheats had their lights burning all night long.

have sg. done表示“(有意地)让他人为自己做成”。

I’ll have a new suit made of this cloth.

54hear, hear of, hear from

hear表示“听见,听到”,后接名词、代词,或宾语从句。

Can you hear some birds singing?

hear of表示“听人说起,听说过”,侧重于间接听说。

I’ve never heard of him.

hear from表示“收到来信,收到来电”,后接指人的名词或代词。

I hear from my brother twice a month.

55help sb. do sg., help sb. to do sg.

二者均表示“帮助某人做”。

help sb. do sg.表示主语直接参与宾补的动作。

He helped me clean the table.

help sb. to do sg.表示不直接参与宾补的动作。

The dictionary will help you to learn English better.

56in place of, in the place of

in place of表示“代替”。

He will come in place of me tomorrow.

in the place of表示“在地方”。

A new building is built in the place of the old one.

57in order to, in order that

in order to表示“为了”,既可放句首又可放句末。

In order to keep the insects out she shut the window.

in order that表示“为了”,只能放在主句之后连接从句。

58in charge of, in the charge of

in charge of表示“管理,负责照料”。

He is in charge of the matter.

in the charge of表示“由照料”。

The matter is in the charge of him.

59insist on, stick to

insist on表示“坚持要求”,后常接doing。

I insisted on his coming with us.

stick to表示“坚持”,后常接sg。

He stuck to his words.

60in surprise, to one’s surprise, by surprise

in surprise表示“惊奇地”。

When he saw me, he was in surprise.

to one’s surprise表示“使某人吃惊的是”。

To my surprise,he didn’t pass the exam.

by surprise表示“使惊慌”。

The question took him by surprise.

61just, just now

just表示“刚,刚刚”,多与完成时态连用。

They’ve just arrived.

just now表示“刚才”,强调过去的动作,与一般过去时连用。

She ate a big apple just now.

62.与keep有关的词组辨析

keep back表示“阻止,阻挡”。

The police tried to keep the crowd back from the injured man.

keep off表示“避开,不接近”。

Keep off the grass!

keep on表示“继续,保持”。

He just keep on writing.

keep in touch with表示“与保持联系”。

Although many families became separated,

people still kept in touch with each other.

keep out表示“关在门外,不准进入”。

The coat keeps out the wind.

keep out of表示“躲开,置身于之外”。

Do you try to keep out of trouble!

keep up表示“保持”。

Keep up your spirits!

63keep doing sg. keep on doing sg.

keep doing sg.强调继续做。

He kept talking in class.

keep on doing sg.强调重复,一再做。

They keep on doing things I tell them not to do.

64knock…into…, knock into, knock down, knock at/on

knock…into…表示“把///打入中”。

They knocked a stick into the earth.

knock into表示“撞在上”。

Look out! Don’t knock into others.

knock down表示“撞倒,打倒”。

Be careful with the little trees, Don’ knock them down.

knock at/on表示“轻轻而有节奏地敲”,常用来表示“敲门/窗”等。

Who is knocking at the door?  /  Don’t knock on the window.

65lately, recently

lately表示“最近”,多用于否定和疑问句中。

I haven’t seen him lately.

recently表示“最近”,多用于肯定句中。

Things got so bad recently.

66lay,  lie

lay表示“放下”或“放平”,

其词形变化为:lay—laid—laid—laying。

Don’t lay your coat on the bed.

lie表示“躺下”或“躺平”,

其词形变化为:lie—lay—lain—lying。

She lay down on her bed.

lie还表示“撒谎”,

其词形变化为:lie—lied—lied—lying。

We considered he lied.

67like, love, enjoy

like 表示“喜欢,爱好”,指对某人某事赞许或发生兴趣,并积极参加活动。

I like reading.

love表示“爱好,爱”,表示深深的爱。

We love ore country.

enjoy表示“喜爱,欣赏,享受”,从外界事物中得到喜悦和乐趣。

I enjoyed the movie a lot.

68like doing. sg. like to do. sg

like doing. sg.表达经常性的、习惯性的爱好。属一般行为。

I like swimming.

like to do. sg表示一时的喜爱,属具体行为。

I’d like to go for a swimming this afternoon.

69living, alive

living用于生物时,表示“活着的”。

The living are more important to ue than the dead.

alive表示“活着的,在世的”,着重于状态。

The fish we caught is still alive.

70live on, live by

live on表示“以为主食,靠过活”。

The sheep lived on grass.

live by表示“靠…(手段)谋生”。

Writers live by their pens while fishermen live by fishing.

71.与look有关的词组辨析

look after表示“照顾”。

My friend looked after my cat while I was on holiday.

look back表示“回想,记起”。

From this time on, he never looked back.

look down on/upon表示“轻视,看不起”。

The boss looked down upon women.

look forward to 表示“盼望,期待”。

I’m looking forward to seeing you this weekend.

look out表示“注意”。

Look out, there is a car coming.

look up表示“查找”。

When you do not understand a waod,

you can look up it in the dictionary.

72lose heart, lose one’s heart

lose heart表示“灰心,失望”。

Don’t lose heart, sooner or later you will succeed.

lose one’s heart表示“喜欢,爱上”。

He lost his heart the puppy (小狗) the first time he saw it.

73.与make有关的词组辨析

make a decision表示“做出决定”。

We’ll meet again tomorrow and make a decision then.

make a good effort表示“做出很大努力”。

We made a good effort.

make a record表示“录制唱片”。

He’s made lots of records.

make a plan for表示“为作计划”。

Now it is much easier to make plan for your trips.

make fun of 表示“取笑某人”。

It is not polite to make fun of old people.

make progress表示“取得进步”。

Are you making good progress?

make…to one’s own measure表示“依照某人的尺寸做”。

We’ll make for you to your own measure.

make up表示“编造”。

Make up a dialogue, using the following as a guide.

make up one’s mind表示“下决心”。

I haven’t made up my mind yet.

74make up one’s mind, read one’s mind, change one’s mind

make up one’s mind表示“下决心”。

She made up her mind not to speak anything.

read one’s mind表示“看出心事,知道在想什么”。

I’ve known him so long that I can read his mind.

change one’s mind表示“改变主意”。

She changed her mind suddenly for no reason.

75manage to do , try to do

manage to do 表示“设法做成了某事”。

We finally managed to get there in time.

try to do 表示“尽力去做(但不一定成功)”。

He tried to pass the exam, but he failed.

76mean doing, mean to do

mean doing表示“意味着”。

These new orders for our factory will mean working overtime.

mean to do表示“打算,想”。

I mean to go ,but my father would not lolow me to.

77meeting, conference, gathering, party

meeting 表示“偶然的或拟定的,短暂的或持续的聚会”,可用于两人或多人。

The students had a class meeting last Friday.

conference表示“会谈,会议,谈判”。

常用于就某个重大问题进行专门研究或交换意见的讨论会,协商会等。

Many reporters came to attend the press conference. (新闻发布会)

gathering一般表示“非正式的集会”,常用于群众性的活动(如联欢会等)。

There was a large gathering of people at the ceremony. (仪式)

party表示“社交性或娱乐性的集会”。

Did you enjoy Alice’s birthday party?

78once, as soon as

once表示“一旦”,出含时间之外,还表示“条件”。

Once he makes up his mind, he’ll never give it up.

as soon as表示“刚”或“一”,强调的只是时间。

As soon as I get to Beijing, I’ll write to you.

79pay for, pay back, pay off

pay for表示“为付钱”。

He paid $ 5 for the book.

pay back表示“还钱,但不一定还清”。

Have I paid you back the $ 20 you lend me?

pay off表示“还清债务”。

He must pay off the debt this year.

80permit doing sg. permit sb. to do sg.

permit doing sg.表示“允许做”,句中没有人称作宾语。

Sorry, we don’t permit smoking in the office.

permit sb. to do sg.表示“允许某人做”,句中有人称作宾语。

Please permit me to say a few words to you.

81persuade sb. to do sg.  advise sb. to do sg.

persuade sb. to do sg.表示“说服了某人做”,其结果是成功的。

Tom persuaded hid father to give up smoking at last.

advise sb. to do sg.表示“劝说某人做”,其结果可能是劳而无功。

(advise sb. to do sg.=try to persuade to do sg.)

She advised her father to give up smoking, but he wouldn’t listen.

82put off,  call off

put off 表示“推迟,拖延”。

The sports meeting was put off because the heavy rain.

call off表示“取消”。

The meeting has been called off.

83pick out, pick up

pick out表示“挑出”。

She picked out a red shirt for me to try on.

pick up表示“接收”。

It is necessary to use a short-wave radio to pick up the program.

84point to , point out

point to表示“指向,指着”,其中的to表示方向。

She pointed to a bird flying overhead.

point out表示“指出”。

Can you point out my mistakes?

85.与put有关的词组辨析

put down表示“记下”。

Please put down what he said.

put…in prison表示“把投进监狱”。

The police put this thief in prison.

put on weight表示“发福,增加体重”。

If you eat too much, you will put on weight very easily.

put out表示“扑灭,关熄”。

Please put out the light before you go to bed.

put sb. to the trouble of表示“麻纺某人(做)”。

I don’t want to put you to the trouble of doing that.

put up表示“贴(广告)等”。

Please write a notice and put it up.

86quiet, silent, still

quiet表示“安静的,寂静的”。

Your brother needs peace and quiet because he’s working.

silent表示“寂静的,沉默的”。

He always keeps silent when the teacher questions him.

still表示“安静的,不动的”。

Stand still while take your photo.

87road, street, way, path

road表示“路,道路”。

The car is running along the road.

street表示“城镇,乡村两旁有建筑物的街道”。

Go along the street, and take the third turning on the right.

way表示“任何可一通过的路”。

How can I get there? ---I don’t know the way.

path表示“小路,小径”。

They walked along the path across the field.

88raise, rise

raise表示“举起”,是及物动词,它的反义词是lower。

The mother raised her child from the ground.
rise
表示“升起”或“爬起”,是不及物动词,它的反义词是drop。

The child rose from the ground.

89remember doing, remember to do

remember doing 表示“记得(过去)做过”。(已做)

Don’t you remember seeing the man before.

remember to do 表示“记。ㄎ蠢矗┮プ”。(未做)

Remember to go to the post office after school.

90regret doing, regret to do

regret doing表示“对做过的事遗憾,后悔”。(已做)

I regretted missing the train.

regret to do表示“对要做的事抱歉”。(未做)

I regret to tell you that we can’t stay here any longer.

91search, search for, in search of, look for

search表示“搜寻,查究”;search sb.搜某人的身,

search a place搜某个地方。

The policeman is searching a thief.

search for sb./sg.表示“搜寻、寻找某人/某物”。

They search ed for that man everywhere.

in search of 中的search表示“寻找,寻求”。

They went to Australia in search of gold.

look for表示“寻找”,没有search for 注意力集中。

What are you looking for on the playground?

92spend, take, pay, cost

spend表示“花费”。

句型为:sb. spend some money on sg.

sb. spend some time in doing sg.

I spent a week (in) finishing reading the book.

take表示“占用或花费时间”。

句型为:it takes/took sb. sometime to do sg.

 It took me three days to travel to Beijing.

pay表示“付款,给报酬”,一般与for 搭配使用。

句型为:sb. pay some money for sg.

My father paid 40 pounds for the desk.

cost表示“花费”,一般用于买某物花了多少钱。

句型为:sg. cost sb. some money.

This book cost me 10 yuan.

93stop doing., stop to do

stop doing表示“停止做…”.

I must stop smoking.

stop to do表示“停止、中断做某事后去做另一件事”。

They stop to smoke a cigarette.

94sometimes, sometime, some time, some times

sometimes 表示“有时”,指动作发生的不经常性,常与一般现在时或一般过去时连用。

Sometimes I have lunch at school.

sometime 表示“某时”,指时间上不确定的某一点,常用于过去时或将来时。

I saw him sometime in July.

some time表示“一段时间”, 在句中常与for, take等词连用.

I’ll stay here for some time.

some times表示“几次”。

I always came here some times.

95.与take有关的词组辨析

take a look at表示“看一下”。

Can I take a look at it?

take a taxi表示“乘出租车”。

My plane leaves at 7, so I think we’ll take a taxi.

take a photograph (of)表示“照一张照片”。

A photographer is sent immediately to take photographs.

take along表示“随身携带”。

He took along some of his pictures in the hope of getting a job there.

take it easy表示“放心好了,别着急”。

Take it easy! I’ve just called the First Aid Centre. (急救中心)

take part in表示“参加(大型活动)”。

Every 4 years athletes all over the world take part in the Olympic Games.

take place 表示“发生”。

The dialogue takes place at a tailor’s shop.

take sides (in)表示“站在一边”。

He took side in us.

take up表示“占去,占领”。

I think we should get this one, although it will take up more space

in the room.

take the place of表示“代替,取代”。

Millions of young trees have already been planted to take the place of

those which were blown over.

96trip, journey, travel, tour

trip表示“(短时间内往返的)商业旅游或观光旅行”,是非正式用语。

We went on a pleasant trip to Shanghai during our vacation.

journey表示“由某一地点到另一地点的旅行,也指旅行的路程”,较正式用语。

He made a long journey from Beijing to London.

travel表示“旅行,旅历”,是最普通用语,但无路程的含义。(长距离的)

He came home after 5 years of travel.

tour表示“(访问多处的)观光旅行”。

They have gone on a tour.

97.与turn有关的词组辨析

turn down表示“关小、调低(音量)”。

Let me turn the music down.

turn…into…表示“把变成”。

If we cut down forests, we’ll turn the land into a desert.

turn off表示“关掉水、电、气等)”。

Before you leave the lab, make sure the electricity is turned off.

turn out表示“证明是,结果是”。

Hopefully tomorrow will turn out fine.

turn up表示“到达,出现”。

He didn’t turn up until 11 o’clock.

turn over表示“翻动,耕翻”。

He turned over in bed.

98try to do, try doing

try to do 表示“努力、企图做”,(表目的)

You must try to be more careful.

try doing表示“试验,试着做”。(表手段)

She tried reading, but that couldn’t make her forget her trouble.

99used to, be used to, get used to

used to表示“过去常常(做)(现在已经不那样了)”,后接动词原形。

She used to work hard.

be used to表示“习惯于,适应”,后接名词、代词、动名词,表状态。

She is used to getting up at 6 every day.

注:be used to do sg. 表示“被用来做”。

This knife is used to cut apples.

get used to表示“习惯于”,指一个动作由不适应的转变,后接名、代、--ing。

You’ll soon get used to the food here.

100wear, have on, put on dress, (be)in

wear主要用于穿衣服、戴眼镜(手套、首饰)等,表“穿”的状态?捎媒惺。

Mr. Wu always wears a blue coat in winter.

Mr. Wu is wearing a blue coat today.

have on表示“穿(戴)着”,同wear一样表状态,但不用于进行。

Xiao Wang has on a white shirt today.

be in表示“穿着颜色的衣服”。

She is in red today.

dress既可作及物动词也可作不及物动词,其宾语是人,而不是衣服等物。

Her mother is dressing her.

 

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